Composition of the TDLC
The Tribunal de Defensa de la Libre Competencia (“Competition Tribunal” or “TDLC”) is a collegiate body and in accordance with Article 6 of the Decree Law No. 211, the plenary session is integrated by five full-time judges (“Ministers”), three of whom must be lawyers, including the President of the TDLC, while the other two judges must be economic graduates or must have a postgraduate degree in economics sciences.
The Competition Tribunal also has two substitute judges are of them, a lawyer and the other a graduate or postgraduate in economic sciences.
The President of the TDLC, who must be a lawyer, is appointed by the President of the Republic from a list of five candidates prepared by the Supreme Court, through a public contest. Two judges (one lawyer and one economist) are appointed by the Council of the Central Bank through a public contest. The other two judges are appointed by the President of the Republic from two shortlists, one for each designation, prepared by the Central Bank, also through a public contest. All judges of the TDLC remain in office for six years and may be appointed for only one successive period.